baritone

Beginner Questions 4-7

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Here is the next installment of our beginner questions series, please comment and leave me suggestions for future questions you want answered!  Click here to see all of the 10 questions that we are answering in this first series. 4. HOW DO I TUNE THE UKULELE? ukulele-tuningStandard ukulele tuning is from the top string down: G C E A By far the easiest way to tune is to use a digital tuner. This is device that clips onto the headstock of your uke and reads the vibrations of the string and tells you if you are lower or higher than the desired note. Simply turn the tuning peg until the display reads the appropriate note for that string. I strongly encourage everyone starting out to make the small investment ($15 to $25) in an electronic tuner.

5. WHAT ARE THE FIRST CHORDS I SHOULD LEARN? The best chords to learn first are the ones that are the easiest to play. There are two chords that require you to use only one finger, those are C Major and a minor. Learning these two chords should be fairly quick.  When reading the charts the left string represents the top G string and goes down to the bottom A string from left to right.  Push down the appropriate string on the fret where the dot is shown.

CMajorchord                    aminorchord

The next chord you should learn should be F Major which is made with an a minor chord shape with your first finger added on the first fret of the E string.

FMajorChord

The next chord is a G Major which is a bit more of a challenge but will help us to make a complete song. Sometimes it helps to visualize this chord as a triangle with your ring finger on the point closest to you.

GMajorChord

If we put these chords in this order: C G am F, then we get the basic chord progression for a number of songs. No Woman No Cry, I’m Yours, With or Without You, Country Roads and so many others.

CMajorchord               GMajorChord               aminorchord               FMajorChord

6. HOW DO I STRUM? strumimageWe use the fretting hand to create chords and we use our other hand to strum and create rhythm. Most music is in what is called 4/4 time, which means that a natural pulse within that music can be counted out in 4 separate divisions, or beats, before repeating another 4. Learning to develop an internal clock that can keep you playing in time is paramount for any one learning music. The first strum that you should learn is to play is all down strums while counting out 1,2,3,4 in an even and slow pace. Getting this down will provide a solid foundation for learning more intricate strums later.

D     D     D     D
1      2      3     4

Next will be to further divide the beats by adding one between each of the four that we have. You can count this out as 1 AND 2 AND 3 AND 4 AND. Keep playing down strums on numbers 1,2,3,4 and saying AND between each.

D          D           D            D
1     +     2     +     3     +     4     +

Now add up-strums on every and, and practice counting while strumming. This down and up pattern will serve as the basis for learning a variety of strums.

D    U    D    U    D    U    D    U
1     +     2     +     3     +     4     +

Most strums you will learn in the beginning are created from taking away certain parts of this basic structure.  Try this simple pattern and practice it slowly gradually building speed.  Keep in mind that your hand should still be moving in the same up and down pattern, just don't touch the strings on the up-strums that are removed.

D           D           D    U    D
1     +     2     +     3     +     4     +

Beginner Questions 1-3!

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As promised, here are answers to questions 1-3.  Check out all 10 of the questions we plan on answering here and please feel free to send me any questions that you want answered in the future.

1. Why should I play ukulele?jakearail

The most important reason to play ukulele is because it is fun.  Other than that the ukulele is fairly easy to learn compared to a lot of other instruments.  With some very simple chord shapes and only 4 strings that are easy on the fingers, the uke is a great introduction to music for people with little or no experience.  Portability is another reason I love the ukulele and why it has become one of my constant companions, music can happen anywhere so its always good to be prepared!

wallofukuleles2.  What kind of ukulele should I buy?

Ultimately the answer to this question is to buy one that you like, but if you don’t know what you like yet this can be a bit more complicated.  As far as price goes, if you are a beginner you want to find one that is near the $100 dollar range.  There is a good selection of instruments for around that price that can work well to learn at first.  You can then determine if you want to invest in a higher quality instrument later.  My suggestion would be to go to music shops and play as many ukuleles in your price range as you can.  Start to listen to the different sound that each instrument makes and see if there is a certain sound that you like.  Some sound more “bright” with an emphasis on the higher end of the sound spectrum, while others sound more “warm” with a more “round” and bottom ended sound.  Like developing your taste for certain food or drinks, you can develop your ear for hearing certain intricacies in sound.  Try strumming the instrument with the sound hole facing you as you will get a better idea of what the instrument sounds like to those that are listening.  Eventually you will develop your taste for what looks, feels and sounds right for you.

See Ukes by Size3.  What is the deal with different sized ukes?

There are 4 different standard sizes of ukulele each with there own particular feel and sound.  In general, the ukulele’s sound will get louder and deeper with each larger size.  The soprano is the smallest size, it has the smallest neck and fret size which limits its range but it is oh so transportable!  The concert is a sort of “in between size” that ends up being the go to for players that are looking for a good balance of small size and bigger sound.  The tenor is larger than the concert and because of its increased range and deep, rich sound seems to be the standard for most professional and advanced players out there.  The baritone is the largest and is in a bit of a category of its own.  In my opinion the baritone plays and sounds more like a small guitar than a uke.  It has a different tuning then the other three sizes which means the chord shapes are different as well.

Looking forward to answering more questions on the next post!